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Argument Encoding in Japanese Conversation

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M. Shimojo
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List of Tables Acknowledgements Notes on Transcriptions List of Abbreviations PART 1: INTRODUCTION Four Argument Types and Six Encoding Types Saliency, Activation and Attention Episodic Memory and Mental Processing Instructions PART 2: PREVIOUS STUDIES ON THE SIX ARGUMENT ENCODING TYPES Wa and Ga : A Contrast in Pragmatic Focus Zero Anaphor, Ga and Wa : Referential Progression Contrastive Wa Wa for Non Subjects Grammatical Properties of Wa Grammatical Properties of the Zero Particle Syntactic and Semantic Factors in Zero Particle Use Functional Properties of the Zero Particle Functional Properties of O Ga and O : The Split Case Marking Post-predicative Encoding Summary PART 3: CONVERSATIONAL JAPANESE DATA Introduction Identification of Arguments Overview of Tokens Saliency and Argument Types PART 4: ANAPHORIC SALIENCY Referential Distance Measurement Anaphoric Saliency and Argument Types Anaphoric Saliency and Encoding Types PART 5: CATAPHORIC SALIENCY Referential Persistence Measurement Cataphoric Saliency and Argument Types Cataphoric Saliency and Encoding Types Cataphoric Frequency of Reference and Persistence Encoding Types in Persistence Chains PART 6: THE SIX ARGUMENT ENCODING TYPES AS A SYSTEM Saliency and Argument Types Summary Zero Anaphor and Ga/O Wa and the Zero Particle Post-predicative Encoding The Argument Encoding System The Encoding Types as Mental Processing Instructions PART 7: POST-PREDICATIVE ENCODING: COMPREHENSION-BASED CLAIMS REVISITED Important/Urgent Information First Scrambling: The Production-based View Post-predicative Arguments in the Coversation Data Relative Prominence of Structure Conclusions Appendix: Acceptability Judgment Task for Nominative/Accusative N2 Tokens Notes References
Japanese is well known for its array of argument encoding types - but how is speakers' choice of encoding types to be described? This book investigates the encoding of subject and direct object in conversational Japanese and attempts to explain Japanese argument encoding as a unified system. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of a bank of conversation are provided, with the emphasis on speakers' use of the encoding types rather than their acceptability for given arguments.

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